The 1978 Declaration of Alma-Ata was the first international declaration to advocate primary health care as the main strategy to achieve WHO's stated goal of health for all (by 2000). Since then, strong primary care systems, based in local communities, have been recognised as essential to achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC). The core values and principles of the 1978 Alma-Ata Declaration still stand, while the Declaration 2.0, to be discussed in October 2018, is expected to repeat the emphasis on primary care as the main driver of people-centred health systems leading to Universal Health Coverage.
Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe, told The Lancet “Making health care truly universal requires a shift from health systems designed around diseases and health institutions towards health systems designed around and for people”. Yelzhan Birtanov, Minister of Health of Kazakhstan, added “there are some significant changes that should be reflected and adopted…ranging from the name of the Declaration from ‘Alma-Ata’ to ‘Almaty’ and the need to focus on non-communicable diseases, which are responsible for 70% of deaths globally, to the role that the citizens should be playing in health prevention and protection by actively participating in the maintenance of their health status.”
The Astana Declaration 2.0 of 2018 will reflect the changing expectations of health-care providers, the needs of patients, and the challenges posed by the Sustainable Development Goals 2030. The draft Declaration 2.0 will undergo global consultation and will be put to the World Health Assembly in May 2019 for adoption.
More information about this Global Conference can be found on the following link: http://www.who.int/primary-health/conference-phc